Friday, 10 April 2009

Eucalypts at Monserrate

From files:

Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.
Catalogus Plantarum Horti Camalduensis (ed. 2) 6, 20. 1832.
2008 referred to as a synonym for Eucalyptus viminalis

Corymbia gummifera (Gaertn.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S. Johnson
Telopea 6: 233 (1995).
Syn. Eucalyptus corymbosa Sm., Spec. Bot. New Holland 4: 43 (1795).
1867: Eucalyptus corymbosa, de 60 à 70 pieds de haut; Eucalyptus globulus à peu près de la même hauteur;

Eucalyptus falcata Turcz.,
Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 20(1): 163 (1847).
1885: Foot of the lawn: magnificent Eucalyptus falcate
Silver mallee - A mallee to 5 m tall
Eucalyptus fasciata (name not found)
1885: The Eucalypti grow like willows in these gardens. The stem of E. fasciata measured 3 feet in circumference 5 feet from the ground. Two others, of which I could not ascertain the species, were respectively about 50 and 80 feet high ; the stem of the former measured 4 feet round. They flower and fruit abundantly, and are thus spoken of by the poet botanist (1870) :--

Across our little river springeth steep
Yon mossy lower lawn ; -- great wealth of trees,
And shrubs coniferous, deck its lengthening sweep,
And two great giant gum-trees load the breeze
With their full-blossomed fragrance
.” . . .

Corymbia ficifolia (F.Muell.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson,
Telopea 6: 245 (1995).
Syn. Eucalyptus ficifolia F. Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 2: 85. Growing below offices 1988
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Relation du Voyage à la Recherche de la Pérouse 1: 153, pl. 13. 1799.
1923: "Chapel lawn: On the near slope stands a fine Eucalyptus globulus -the first to be planted at Monserrate, 1923. There are, too, some very large Eucalyptus -- one is stated to be the first of its kind planted in Portugal -- and two particularly fine specimens of E. Globulus with boles of 50 ft. in girth near the ground, and rising 60 ft. to the lowest branches, with straight and perfect trunks. Their full height is 135 ft. 1929.
A young tree is growing in Rose Garden, 2009

Eucalyptus viminalis Labill.
Nov. Holl. Pl. 2: 12 (1806).
1885: Pinus canariensis is of a finer texture, and stands near a giant Eucalyptus viminalis,
Also listed for 1923, tree still stands 2009.

Eucalyptus sp. L'Hér.
Sertum Anglicum 18. 1789.
1890: Mexico: The hillside above is covered with cedars, Eucalypti, and cork-trees,
Also listed in 1867, 1870, 1885, 1890

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